Channelpedia

PubMed 15801679


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3



Title: 5-(3-Phenylpropoxy)psoralen and 5-(4-phenylbutoxy)psoralen: mechanistic studies on phototoxicity.

Authors: C W Bode, W Hänsel

Journal, date & volume: Pharmazie, 2005 Mar , 60, 225-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15801679


Abstract
5-(3-Phenylpropoxy)psoralen and 5-(4-phenylbutoxy)psoralen are blockers of the lymphocyte potassium channel Kv1.3 with EC50 values < 10 nM and may be used as new potential immunosuppressive drugs. As reported for many furocoumarins, these compounds show phototoxic properties and react under UV radiation with different targets in the cell, e.g. DNA or proteins and lipids in membranes. The photoreactions with these targets were investigated and compared to the well-known derivatives psoralen, 5-methoxypsoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen and 4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen. Moreover, absorption properties and the capability to photoproduce singlet oxygen (1O2) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were studied. It was found that 5-(3-phenylpropoxy)psoralen and 5-(4-phenylbutoxy)psoralen are similar or less phototoxic in vitro as 5-methoxypsoralen which is the furocoumarin with the weakest phototoxicity in vivo compared to psoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen and 4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen.