PubMed 16533566

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: A novel molecular inactivation determinant of voltage-gated CaV1.2 L-type Ca2+ channel.

Authors: A Livneh, R Cohen, D Atlas

Journal, date & volume: Neuroscience, 2006 , 139, 1275-87

PubMed link:

The inactivation of voltage-gated L-type Ca(2+) channels (Ca(V)1) regulates Ca(2+) entry and controls intracellular Ca(2+) levels that are essential for cellular activity. The molecular entities implicated in L-channel (Ca(V)1.2) inactivation are not fully identified. Here we show for the first time the functional impact of one of the two highly conserved clusters of six negatively charged glutamates and aspartate (802-807; poly ED motif) at the II-III loop of the alpha 1 subunits of rabbit of Ca(v)1.2, alpha(1)1.2 and alpha(1)1.2 DeltaN60-Delta1733) on voltage-dependent inactivation. Mutation of the poly ED motif to alanine or glutamine/asparagine greatly enhanced voltage-dependent inactivation, shifting the voltage dependence to negative potentials by >50 mV and conferring a neuronal like inactivation kinetics onto Ca(V)1.2. The large shift in the midpoint of inactivation of the steady-state inactivation kinetics was observed also in Ca(2+) or Ba(2+) and was not altered by the beta2A subunit. Missing from the fast inactivating neuronal P/Q (Ca(V)2.1)-, N (Ca(V)2.2)- or R (Ca(V)2.3)-type channels and modulating Ca(V)1.2 inactivation kinetics, the poly ED motif is likely to be a specific L-type Ca(2+) channels inactivating domain. Our results fit a model in which the poly ED either by itself or as part of a larger inactivating motif acts as Ca(V)1.2 specific built-in "stopper." In this model, Ca(V)1 accomplishes a large Ca(2+) influx during depolarization, possibly by the poly ED hindering occlusion at the pore. Furthermore, the selective designed poly ED perhaps clarifies major inactivation differences between L- and non-L-type calcium channels.