Channelpedia

PubMed 16310876


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.2 , Kir3.2



Title: G protein-activated inwardly rectifying K+ channel inhibition and rescue of weaver mouse motor functions by antidepressants.

Authors: Takehiro Takahashi, Toru Kobayashi, Miwako Ozaki, Yukio Takamatsu, Yasukazu Ogai, Mitsuaki Ohta, Hideko Yamamoto, Kazutaka Ikeda

Journal, date & volume: Neurosci. Res., 2006 Feb , 54, 104-11

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16310876


Abstract
Antidepressants, including tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), have been widely used for the treatment of not only depression but also other psychiatric disorders, although the molecular mechanisms of the drug effects have not yet been sufficiently revealed. Here, we investigated the in vivo effects of these antidepressants on G protein-activated inwardly rectifying K+ (GIRK) channels, which are important for regulating the excitability of various cells, by using weaver (wv) mice, which have mutant GIRK channels and show abnormal neuronal cell death and motor disturbances. First, we found that a widely used SSRI fluoxetine (also known as Prozac) effectively inhibited wv GIRK2 channels like wild-type GIRK channels, expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Next, we found that weaver motor disturbances were remarkably alleviated by chronic treatment with fluoxetine or desipramine. Furthermore, the chronic fluoxetine treatment substantially suppressed the abnormal neuronal cell death in the weaver mouse cerebellum and pontine nuclei. These results suggest that continuous inhibition of wv GIRK2 channels by a group of antidepressants caused substantial suppression of the neuronal cell death and resulted in improvement of motor abilities in weaver mice. These results provide evidence for in vivo GIRK channel inhibition by a group of antidepressants.