PubMed 18338253

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv11.1 , Kv11.2 , Kv11.3

Title: Two novel ergtoxins, blockers of K+-channels, purified from the Mexican scorpion Centruroides elegans elegans.

Authors: Rita Restano-Cassulini, Timoteo Olamendi-Portugal, Fernando Zamudio, Baltazar Becerril, Lourival Domingos Possani

Journal, date & volume: Neurochem. Res., 2008 Aug , 33, 1525-33

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated potassium channels of the ether-a-go-go related gene (ERG) family are implicated in many important cellular processes. Three such genes have been cloned (erg1, erg2 and erg3) and shown to be expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) of mammalians. This communication describes the isolation and characterization of two isoforms of scorpion toxin (CeErg4 and CeErg5, systematic nomenclature gamma-KTx1.7 and gamma-KTx1.8, respectively) that can discriminate the various subtypes of ERG channels of human and rat. These peptides were purified from the venom of the Mexican scorpion Centruroides elegans elegans. They contain 42 amino acid residues, tightly folded by four disulfide bridges. Both peptides block in a reversible manner human and rat ERG1 channels, but have no effect on human ERG2. They also block completely and irreversibly the rat ERG2 and the human ERG3 channels hence are excellent tools for the discrimination of the various sub-types of ion-channels studied.