PubMed 15716420

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.4 , Kir3.1 , Kir3.4

Title: Mutation of critical GIRK subunit residues disrupts N- and C-termini association and channel function.

Authors: Radmila Sarac, Ping Hou, Karen M Hurley, David Hriciste, Noam A Cohen, Deborah J Nelson

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2005 Feb 16 , 25, 1836-46

PubMed link:

The subfamily of G-protein-linked inwardly rectifying potassium channels (GIRKs) is coupled to G-protein receptors throughout the CNS and in the heart. We used mutational analysis to address the role of a specific hydrophobic region of the GIRK1 subunit. Deletion of the GIRK1 C-terminal residues 330-384, as well as the point mutation I331R, resulted in a decrease in channel function when coexpressed with GIRK4 in oocytes and in COS-7 cells. Surface protein expression of GIRK1 I331R coexpressed with GIRK4 was comparable with wild type, indicating that subunits assemble and are correctly localized to the membrane. Subsequent mutation of homologous residues in both the GIRK4 subunit and Kir2.1 (Gbetagamma-independent inward rectifier) also resulted in a decrease in channel function. Intracellular domain associations resulted in the coimmunoprecipitation of the GIRK1 N and C termini and GIRK4 N and C termini. The point mutation I331R in the GIRK1 C terminus or L337R in the GIRK4 C terminus decreased the association between the N and C termini. Mutation of a GIRK1 N-terminal hydrophobic residue, predicted structurally to interact with the C-terminal domain, also resulted in a decrease in channel function and termini association. We hypothesize that the hydrophobic nature of this GIRK1 subunit region is critical for interaction between adjacent termini and is permissive for channel gating. In addition, the homologous mutation in cytoplasmic domains of Kir2.1 (L330R) did not disrupt association, suggesting that the overall structural integrity of this region is critical for inward rectifier function.