PubMed 16157690

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Modulation of CaV1.2 channels by Mg2+ acting at an EF-hand motif in the COOH-terminal domain.

Authors: Sylvain Brunet, Todd Scheuer, Rachel Klevit, William A Catterall

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2005 Oct , 126, 311-23

PubMed link:

Magnesium levels in cardiac myocytes change in cardiovascular diseases. Intracellular free magnesium (Mg(i)) inhibits L-type Ca(2+) currents through Ca(V)1.2 channels in cardiac myocytes, but the mechanism of this effect is unknown. We hypothesized that Mg(i) acts through the COOH-terminal EF-hand of Ca(V)1.2. EF-hand mutants were engineered to have either decreased (D1546A/N/S/K) or increased (K1543D and K1539D) Mg(2+) affinity. In whole-cell patch clamp experiments, increased Mg(i) reduced both Ba(2+) and Ca(2+) currents conducted by wild type (WT) Ca(V)1.2 channels expressed in tsA-201 cells with similar affinity. Exposure of WT Ca(V)1.2 to lower Mg(i) (0.26 mM) increased the amplitudes of Ba(2+) currents 2.6 +/- 0.4-fold without effects on the voltage dependence of activation and inactivation. In contrast, increasing Mg(i) to 2.4 or 7.2 mM reduced current amplitude to 0.5 +/- 0.1 and 0.26 +/- 0.05 of the control level at 0.8 mM Mg(i). The effects of Mg(i) on peak Ba(2+) currents were approximately fit by a single binding site model with an apparent K(d) of 0.65 mM. The apparent K(d) for this effect of Mg(i) was shifted approximately 3.3- to 16.5-fold to higher concentration in D1546A/N/S mutants, with only small effects on the voltage dependence of activation and inactivation. Moreover, mutant D1546K was insensitive to Mg(i) up to 7.2 mM. In contrast to these results, peak Ba(2+) currents through the K1543D mutant were inhibited by lower concentrations of Mg(i) compared with WT, consistent with approximately fourfold reduction in apparent K(d) for Mg(i), and inhibition of mutant K1539D by Mg(i) was also increased comparably. In addition to these effects, voltage-dependent inactivation of K1543D and K1539D was incomplete at positive membrane potentials when Mg(i) was reduced to 0.26 or 0.1 mM, respectively. These results support a novel mechanism linking the COOH-terminal EF-hand with modulation of Ca(V)1.2 channels by Mg(i). Our findings expand the repertoire of modulatory interactions taking place at the COOH terminus of Ca(V)1.2 channels, and reveal a potentially important role of Mg(i) binding to the COOH-terminal EF-hand in regulating Ca(2+) influx in physiological and pathophysiological states.