PubMed 16354756

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1

Title: Modest dietary K+ restriction provokes insulin resistance of cellular K+ uptake and phosphorylation of renal outer medulla K+ channel without fall in plasma K+ concentration.

Authors: Pei Chen, John P Guzman, Patrick K K Leong, Li E Yang, Anjana Perianayagam, Elisa Babilonia, Jennifer S Ho, Jang H Youn, Wen Hui Wang, Alicia A McDonough

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2006 May , 290, C1355-63

PubMed link:

Extracellular K(+) concentration ([K(+)]) is closely regulated by the concerted regulatory responses of kidney and muscle. In this study, we aimed to define the responses activated when dietary K(+) was moderately reduced from a control diet (1.0% K(+)) to a 0.33% K(+) diet for 15 days. Although body weight and baseline plasma [K(+)] (4.0 mM) were not reduced in the 0.33% K(+) group, regulatory responses to conserve plasma [K(+)] were evident in both muscle and kidney. Insulin-stimulated clearance of K(+) from the plasma was estimated in vivo in conscious rats with the use of tail venous and arterial cannulas. During infusion of insulin.(50, plasma [K(+)] level fell to 3.2 +/- 0.1 mM in the 1.0% K(+) diet group and to only 3.47 +/- 0.07 mM in the 0.33% K(+) diet group (P < 0.01) with no reduction in urinary K(+) excretion, which is evidence of insulin resistance to cellular K(+) uptake. Insulin-stimulated cellular K(+) uptake was quantitated by measuring the K(+) infusion rate necessary to clamp plasma K(+) at baseline (in during 5 mU of infusion: 9.7 +/- 1.5 in 1% K(+) diet was blunted to 5.2 +/- 1.7 in the 0.33% K(+) diet group (P < 0.001). Muscle [K(+)] and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity and abundance were unchanged during the 0.33% K(+) diet. Renal excretion, which was measured overnight in metabolic cages, was reduced by 80%, from 117.6 +/- 10.5 micromol/h/animal (1% K(+) diet) to 24.2 +/- 1.7 micromol/h/animal (0.33% K(+) diet) (P < 0.001). There was no significant change in total abundance of key renal K(+) transporters, but 50% increases in both renal PTK cSrc abundance and ROMK phosphorylation in the 0.33% K(+) vs. 1% K(+) diet group, previously established to be associated with internalization of ROMK. These results indicate that plasma [K(+)] can be maintained during modest K(+) restriction due to a decrease in insulin-stimulated cellular K(+) uptake as well as renal K(+) conservation mediated by inactivation of ROMK, both without a detectable change in plasma [K(+)]. The error signals inciting and maintaining these responses remain to be identified.