PubMed 16476079

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.4

Title: Effects of congenital stationary night blindness type 2 mutations R508Q and L1364H on Cav1.4 L-type Ca2+ channel function and expression.

Authors: Jean-Charles Hoda, Francesca Zaghetto, Anamika Singh, Alexandra Koschak, Jörg Striessnig

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurochem., 2006 Mar , 96, 1648-58

PubMed link:

At least 48 mutations in the CACNA1F gene encoding retinal Ca(v)1.4 L-type Ca(2+) channels have been linked to X-linked recessive congenital stationary night blindness type 2 (CSNB2). A large number of these are missense mutations encoding full-length alpha1-subunits that can potentially form functional channels. We have previously shown that such missense mutations can confer their phenotype by different pathological mechanisms, such as complete lack of alpha1 subunit protein expression or dramatic changes in channel gating. Here we investigated the functional consequences of CSNB2 missense mutations R508Q and L1364H. We found no (R508Q) or only minor (L1364H) changes in the gating properties of both mutants after heterologous expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes (at 20 degrees C). However, both mutants resulted in altered expression density of Ca(v)1.4 currents. When expressed in the mammalian cell line tsA-201, the current amplitude of L1364H channels was reduced when cells were grown at 30 degrees C and both mutations affected total alpha1 protein expression. This effect was temperature dependent. Our data provide evidence that, in contrast to previously characterized CSNB2 missense mutations, the clinical phenotype of R508Q and L1364H is unlikely to be explained by changes in channel gating. Instead, these mutations affect the protein expression of Ca(v)1.4 Ca(2+) channels.