PubMed 18581134

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: The S218L familial hemiplegic migraine mutation promotes deinhibition of Ca(v)2.1 calcium channels during direct G-protein regulation.

Authors: Norbert Weiss, Alejandro Sandoval, Ricardo Felix, Arn Van den Maagdenberg, Michel De Waard

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2008 Nov , 457, 315-26

PubMed link:

Familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM-1) is caused by mutations in CACNA1A, the gene encoding for the Ca(v)2.1 subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels. Although various studies attempted to determine biophysical consequences of these mutations on channel activity, it remains unclear exactly how mutations can produce a FHM-1 phenotype. A lower activation threshold of mutated channels resulting in increased channel activity has been proposed. However, hyperactivity may also be caused by a reduction of the inhibitory pathway carried by G-protein-coupled-receptor activation. The aim of this study is to determine functional consequences of the FHM-1 S218L mutation on direct G-protein regulation of Ca(v)2.1 channels. In HEK 293 cells, DAMGO activation of human mu-opioid receptors induced a 55% Ba(2+) current inhibition through both wild-type and S218L mutant Ca(v)2.1 channels. In contrast, this mutation considerably accelerates the kinetic of current deinhibition following channel activation by 1.7- to 2.3-fold depending on membrane potential values. Taken together, these data suggest that the S218L mutation does not affect G-protein association onto the channel in the closed state but promotes its dissociation from the activated channel, thereby decreasing the inhibitory G-protein pathway. Similar results were obtained with the R192Q FHM-1 mutation, although of lesser amplitude, which seems in line with the less severe associated clinical phenotype in patients. Functional consequences of FHM-1 mutations appear thus as the consequence of the alteration of both intrinsic biophysical properties and of the main inhibitory G-protein pathway of Ca(v)2.1 channels. The present study furthers molecular insight in the physiopathology of FHM-1.