PubMed 16565319

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3

Title: Effect of simulated I(to) on guinea pig and canine ventricular action potential morphology.

Authors: Min Dong, Xiaoyin Sun, Astrid A Prinz, Hong-Sheng Wang

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2006 Aug , 291, H631-7

PubMed link:

The transient outward current (I(to)) is a major repolarizing current in the heart. Marked reduction of I(to) density occurs in heart failure and is accompanied by significant action potential duration (APD) prolongation. To understand the species-dependent role of I(to) in regulating the ventricular action potential morphology and duration, we introduced simulated I(to) conductance in guinea pig and canine endocardial ventricular myocytes using the dynamic clamp technique and perforated patch-clamp recordings. The effects of simulated I(to) in both types of cells were complex and biphasic, separated by a clear density threshold of approximately 40 pA/pF. Below this threshold, simulated I(to) resulted in a distinct phase 1 notch and had little effect on or moderately prolonged the APD. I(to) above the threshold resulted in all-or-none repolarization and precipitously reduced the APD. Qualitatively, these results agreed with our previous studies in canine ventricular cells using whole cell recordings. We conclude that 1) contrary to previous gene transfer studies involving the Kv4.3 current, the response of guinea pig ventricular myocytes to a fully inactivating I(to) is similar to that of canine ventricular cells and 2) in animals such as dogs that have a broad cardiac action potential, I(to) does not play a major role in setting the APD.