PubMed 16411137

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5 , Slo1

Title: Electrophysiological characterization of three non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (R87Q, A251T, and P307S) found in hKv1.5.

Authors: Isabelle Plante, Dominique Fournier, Guylaine Ricard, Benoît Drolet, Gilles O'Hara, Jean Champagne, Patrick Mathieu, Richard Baillot, Pascal Daleau

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2006 Jun , 452, 316-23

PubMed link:

Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the KCNA5/hKv1.5 gene, which encodes for a voltage-gated K+ channel responsible for the I (Kur) current in the human atria, have been recently reported. To gain further knowledge on potential influence of hKv1.5 SNPs, we searched for their presence in a specific population of 96 French-Canadians and characterized electrophysiological properties of the variants in two cell lines. The presumed promoter (-83 bp) and coding regions were sequenced. We found three heterozygous SNPs: R87Q, A251T, and P307S. Functional analysis of SNPs transfected in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells showed that both R87Q and P307S diminished the inactivation amplitude (e.g., at +60 mV, amplitudes were 89+/-26, 23+/-4, and 22+/-7 pA/pF for the wild type, R87Q and P307S, respectively; n=8, 6, and 8, respectively). Inactivation was slowed with these variants (e.g., tau (fast) at +50 mV were 270+/-48, 490+/-66, and 340+/-45 ms for the wild type, R87Q, and P307S, respectively) while R87Q additionally accelerated the rate of hKv1.5 channel opening. A dominant-negative effect was observed for R87Q but not for P307S. SNPs properties were not reproduced when expressed in the HEK293 cell line, suggesting that the regulatory beta-subunit present in CHO cells (and the human heart) is essential for the SNPs effects that we have observed.