PubMed 12443982

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: Pineal melatonin and brain transmitter monoamines in CBA mice during chronic oral nicotine administration.

Authors: Helena Gäddnäs, Kirsi Pietilä, Aino Alila-Johansson, Liisa Ahtee

Journal, date & volume: Brain Res., 2002 Dec 6 , 957, 76-83

PubMed link:

The effects of chronic oral nicotine administration on the pineal melatonin and brain transmitter monoamines were studied in male CBA mice, which possess a clear daily rhythm of melatonin secretion. On the 50th day of nicotine administration, pineal melatonin as well as cerebral dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), norepinephrine (NE), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (MHPG), serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) concentrations were determined at various times. The chronic nicotine treatment did not alter the timing of the pineal melatonin peak, which occurred at 10 h after the light offset. However, in mice drinking nicotine solution, the nocturnal pineal melatonin levels were lower than in control mice drinking tap water. The chronic nicotine treatment increased the striatal DA, DOPAC, HVA and 5-HIAA levels, the hypothalamic NE, MHPG and 5-HIAA and the cortical MHPG. Most prominent effects of nicotine were found at 8 h after the light offset, when the striatal levels of DA and HVA, hypothalamic NE and MHPG as well as cortical MHPG were significantly elevated in the nicotine-treated mice compared with the control mice. No direct correlation between nicotine's effects on brain transmitter monoamines and on pineal melatonin levels was apparent. The results suggest that chronic nicotine treatment slightly suppresses the melatonin production but does not alter the daily rhythm of pineal melatonin in mice maintained on a light-dark cycle. However, the results indicate that nicotinic receptors might be involved in the regulation of pineal function.