PubMed 16369925

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4

Title: Acidic pH hyperpolarizes nasal potential difference.

Authors: Omotola Uwaifo, Penelope Bamford, Pamela L Zeitlin, Carol J Blaisdell

Journal, date & volume: Pediatr. Pulmonol., 2006 Feb , 41, 151-7

PubMed link:

Nasal potential difference (NPD) has served as a non-invasive diagnostic method for cystic fibrosis (CF) a disease of chloride channel expression and function in secretory epithelia. Investigators have also used NPD to demonstrate ion transport abnormalities in newborns with respiratory distress. Standard perfusates for diagnostic NPD studies include the use of amiloride, replacement of chloride with gluconate, cAMP agonists, and nucleotides such as ATP. The pH of these perfusates may also be relevant to NPD studies as we have previously shown that the respiratory epithelia in mammals express CLC-2, which is a pH sensitive chloride channel. We hypothesized that acidic pH might activate chloride secretion in vivo if CLC-2 is present in human respiratory epithelia. Our objective was to determine the effect of acidic pH on NPD measurements and the frequency of expression of CLC-2 in normal subjects. Healthy adults were recruited and CLC-2 protein expression was detected in 20 of 29 primary nasal epithelial cell cultures. Acidic pH stimulated NPD responses in 33% of subjects. These findings suggest that pH sensitive alternative pathways are available for modulation in human respiratory epithelia and that NPD protocols should standardize pH of perfusates.