PubMed 16508934

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: The CACNA1A and ATP1A2 genes are not involved in dominantly inherited migraine with aura.

Authors: Malene Kirchmann, Lise Lykke Thomsen, Jes Olesen

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet., 2006 Apr 5 , 141B, 250-6

PubMed link:

Epidemiological studies indicate that migraine with typical aura (MA) has a major genetic component but the genes for MA have not been identified. However, the autosomal dominantly inherited familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is often caused by mutations in the CACNA1A or ATP1A2 genes. The aim of the study was to investigate if the CACNA1A or ATP1A2 genes are involved in MA with an apparently autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. From a clinic population diagnosed by a trained physician we recruited 34 extended families (comprising 174 MA patients) with an apparently autosomal dominant mode of inheritance of MA. We performed a linkage analysis of 161 of 174 MA patients and 79 unaffected relatives using a framework marker set of 44 markers for chromosome 1 and 22 markers for chromosome 19. Linkage analysis was made with a non-parametric or autosomal dominant parametric model, either allowing for heterogeneity or not, using an affected only analysis. We identified no linkage to CACNA1A and ATP1A2 loci on chromosome 19 or 1, respectively. Additionally, at least two patients from each family and 92 healthy, unrelated controls were selected for a sequence analysis. We sequenced the 48 exons of CACNA1A and the 23 exons of ATP1A2, including promoter and flanking intron sequences. No polymorphism was identified in the CACNA1A or ATP1A2 genes with a strong correlation to MA. Our study shows that the CACNA1A or ATP1A2 genes are probably not involved in MA. To identify the genes involved in the common forms of migraine, future genetic studies should focus on MA and migraine without aura (MO) and not FHM.