PubMed 16378911

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , SK1 , SK2 , Slo1

Title: TASK channel expression in human placenta and cytotrophoblast cells.

Authors: Xilian Bai, Helen A Lacey, Susan L Greenwood, Philip N Baker, Mark A Turner, Colin P Sibley, Gregor K Fyfe

Journal, date & volume: J. Soc. Gynecol. Investig., 2006 Jan , 13, 30-9

PubMed link:

The multinucleate syncytiotrophoblast is the transporting epithelium of the human placental villus, formed throughout pregnancy by fusion and differentiation of underlying mononucleate cytotrophoblast cells. Similar to other epithelia, K+ channels will impact on syncytiotrophoblast transport properties during its development and differentiation. Therefore we investigated expression and activity of the two-pore domain K+ channels TASK1 and 2 in relation to gestation and differentiation, using villous tissue from first and third trimester and cultured cytotrophoblast cells at mononucleate and multinucleate stages of culture.Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunofluorescence, and 86Rb+ (K) efflux were used to investigate TASK channel expression and function.TASK2 mRNA expression was higher in first trimester than term (10 to 13 vs 38 to 40 weeks, P < .05). Other K+ alpha-subunit mRNAs, including TASK1, remained unaltered but the regulatory BKCa beta-subunit, like TASK2, was higher in first trimester than term (P < .001). Immunofluorescence showed that TASK2 had an intracellular localization within the trophoblast of first trimester villi but was less abundant and restricted to stem villi at term. TASK2 also showed intracellular localization in mononucleate cytotrophoblast cells in culture and expression was lost with multinucleation. By contrast, TASK1 was localised, independently of cell nucleation, to cytotrophoblast cell plasma membranes. 86Rb+ (K) efflux was measured from multinucleated cytotrophoblast cells. Both basal and pH 8.0-stimulated efflux was inhibited by the TASK1 antagonist anandamide (n = 5 for both conditions; P < .01 and P < .001, respectively).TASK1 and 2 are expressed in placental trophoblast cells and TASK1 activity may have a role in regulating syncytiotrophoblast homeostasis and/or solute transport functions.