PubMed 15781962

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1 , Slo1

Title: Kinetic modeling of Na(+)-induced, Gbetagamma-dependent activation of G protein-gated K(+) channels.

Authors: Daniel Yakubovich, Ida Rishal, Nathan Dascal

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Neurosci., 2005 , 25, 7-19

PubMed link:

G protein-activated K(+)(GIRK) channels are activated by numerous neurotransmitters that act on Gi/o proteins, via a direct interaction with the Gbetagamma subunit of G proteins. In addition, GIRK channels are positively regulated by intracellular Na(+) via a direct interaction (fast pathway) and via a GGbetagamma-dependent mechanism (slow pathway). The slow modulation has been proposed to arise from the recently described phenomenon of Na(+)-induced reduction of affinity of interaction between GalphaGDP and Gbetagamma subunits of G proteins. In this scenario, elevated Na(+) enhances basal dissociation of G protein heterotrimers, elevating free cellular Gbetagamma and activating GIRK. However, it is not clear whether this hypothesis can account for the quantitative and kinetic aspects of the observed regulation. Here, we report the development of a quantitative model of slow, Na(+)-dependent, G protein-mediated activation of GIRK. Activity of GIRK1F137S channels, which are devoid of direct interaction with Na(+), was measured in excised membrane patches and used as an indicator of free GGbetagamma levels. The change in channel activity was used to calculate the Na(+)-dependent change in the affinity of G protein subunit interaction. Under a wide range of initial conditions, the model predicted that a relatively small decrease in the affinity of interaction of GalphaGDP and GGbetagamma (about twofold under most conditions) accounts for the twofold activation of GIRK induced by Na(+), in agreement with biochemical data published previously. The model also correctly described the slow time course of Na(+) effect and explained the previously observed enhancement of Na(+)-induced activation of GIRK by coexpressed Galphai3. This is the first quantitative model that describes the basal equilibrium between free and bound G protein subunits and its consequences on regulation of a GGbetagamma effector.