PubMed 16672305

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: Kv1.1

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1

Title: Kv1.1-containing channels are critical for temporal precision during spike initiation.

Authors: Joshua X Gittelman, Bruce L Tempel

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurophysiol., 2006 Sep , 96, 1203-14

PubMed link:

Low threshold, voltage-gated potassium currents (Ikl) are widely expressed in auditory neurons that can fire temporally precise action potentials (APs). In the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), channels containing the Kv1.1 subunit (encoded by the Kcna1 gene) underlie Ikl. Using pharmacology, genetics and whole cell patch-clamp recordings in mouse brain slices, we tested the role of Ikl in limiting AP latency-variability (jitter) in response to trains of single inputs at moderate to high stimulation rates. With dendrotoxin-K (DTX-K, a selective blocker of Kv1.1-containing channels), we blocked Ikl maximally (approximately 80% with 100 nM DTX-K) or partially (approximately 50% with 1-h incubation in 3 nM DTX-K). Ikl was similar in 3 nM DTX-K-treated cells and cells from Kcna1(-/-) mice, allowing a comparison of these two different methods of Ikl reduction. In response to current injection, Ikl reduction increased the temporal window for AP initiation and increased jitter in response to the smallest currents that were able to drive APs. While 100 nM DTX-K caused the largest increases, latency and jitter in Kcna1(-/-) cells and in 3 nM DTX-K-treated cells were similar to each other but increased compared with +/+. The near-phenocopy of the Kcna1(-/-) cells with 3 nM DTX-K shows that acute blockade of a subset of the Kv1.1-containing channels is functionally similar to the chronic elimination of all Kv1.1 subunits. During rapid stimulation (100-500 Hz), Ikl reduction increased jitter in response to both large and small inputs. These data show that Ikl is critical for maintaining AP temporal precision at physiologically relevant firing rates.