PubMed 17296805

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1 , Kir3.2 , Kir3.4

Title: Interaction of Galphaq and Kir3, G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channels.

Authors: Takeharu Kawano, Peng Zhao, Christina V Floreani, Yasuko Nakajima, Tohru Kozasa, Shigehiro Nakajima

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Pharmacol., 2007 Apr , 71, 1179-84

PubMed link:

Activation of substance P receptors, which are coupled to Galpha(q), inhibits the Kir3.1/3.2 channels, resulting in neuronal excitation. We have shown previously that this channel inactivation is not caused by reduction of the phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate level in membrane. Moreover, Galpha(q) immunoprecipitates with Kir3.2 (J Physiol 564:489-500, 2005), suggesting that Galpha(q) interacts with Kir3.2. Positive immunoprecipitation, however, does not necessarily indicate direct interaction between the two proteins. Here, the glutathione transferase pull-down assay was used to investigate interaction between Galpha(q) and the K(+) channels. We found that Galpha(q) interacted with N termini of Kir3.1, Kir3.2, and Kir3.4. However, Galpha(q) did not interact with the C terminus of any Kir3 or with the C or N terminus of Kir2.1. TRPC6 is regulated by the signal initiated by Galpha(q). Immunoprecipitation, however, showed that Galpha(q) did not interact with TRPC6. Thus, the interaction between Galpha(q) and the Kir3 N terminus is quite specific. This interaction occurred in the presence of GDP or GDP-AlF(-)(4). The Galpha(q) binding could take place somewhere between residues 51 to 90 of Kir3.2; perhaps the segment between 81 to 90 residues is crucial. Gbetagamma, which is known to bind to N terminus of Kir3, did not compete with Galpha(q) for the binding, suggesting that these two binding regions are different. These findings agree with the hypothesis (J Physiol 564:489-500, 2005) that the signal to inactivate the Kir3 channel could be mainly transmitted directly from Galpha(q) to Kir3.