PubMed 17655673

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kir2.1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Nav1.5 , Slo1

Title: A novel mutation in KCNQ1 associated with a potent dominant negative effect as the basis for the LQT1 form of the long QT syndrome.

Authors: Yoshiyasu Aizawa, Kazuo Ueda, Fabiana Scornik, Jonathan M Cordeiro, Yuesheng Wu, Mayurika Desai, Alejandra Guerchicoff, Yasutoshi Nagata, Yoshito Iesaka, Akinori Kimura, Masayasu Hiraoka, Charles Antzelevitch

Journal, date & volume: J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol., 2007 Sep , 18, 972-7

PubMed link:

Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited disorder characterized by prolonged QT intervals and life-threatening polymorphic ventricular tachyarrhythmias. LQT1 caused by KCNQ1 mutations is the most common form of LQTS.Patients diagnosed with LQTS were screened for disease-associated mutations in KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1, KCNE2, KCNJ2, and SCN5A. A novel mutation was identified in KCNQ1 caused by a three-base deletion at the position 824-826, predicting a deletion of phenylalanine at codon 275 in segment 5 of KCNQ1 (DeltaF275). Wild-type (WT) and DeltaF275-KCNQ1 constructs were generated and transiently transfected together with a KCNE1 construct in CHO-K1 cells to characterize the properties of the slowly activating delayed rectifier current (IKs) using conventional whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. Cells transfected with WT-KCNQ1 and KCNE1 (1:1.3 molar ratio) produced slowly activating outward current with the characteristics of IKs. Tail current density measured at -40 mV following a two-second step to +60 mV was 381.3 +/- 62.6 pA/pF (n = 11). Cells transfected with DeltaF275-KCNQ1 and KCNE1 exhibited essentially no current. (Tail current density: 0.8 +/- 2.1 pA/pF, n = 11, P = 0.00001 vs WT). Cotransfection of WT- and DeltaF275- KCNQ1 (50/50), along with KCNE1, produced little to no current (tail current density: 10.3 +/- 3.5 pA/pF, n = 11, P = 0.00001 vs WT alone), suggesting a potent dominant negative effect. Immunohistochemistry showed normal membrane trafficking of DeltaF275-KCNQ1.Our data suggest that a DeltaF275 mutation in KCNQ1 is associated with a very potent dominant negative effect leading to an almost complete loss of function of IKs and that this defect underlies a LQT1 form of LQTS.