PubMed 17359997

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4

Title: Modelling the pH-dependent properties of Kv1 potassium channels.

Authors: Binbin Liu, David R Westhead, Mark R Boyett, Jim Warwicker

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Biol., 2007 Apr 27 , 368, 328-35

PubMed link:

It is known that the pH dependence of conductance for the rat potassium channel Kv1.4 is susbstantially reduced upon mutation of either H508 or K532. These residues lie in the extracellular mouth of the channel pore. We have used continuum electrostatics to investigate their interactions with K(+) sites in the pore. The predicted scale of interactions between H508/K532 and potassium sites is sufficient to significantly alter potassium occupancy and thus channel function. We interpret the effect of K532 mutation as indicating that the pH-dependent effect requires not only an ionisable group with a suitable pK(a) value (i.e. histidine), but also that other charged groups set the potential profile at a threshold level. This hypothesis is examined in the context of pH dependence for other members of the Kv1 family, and may represent a general tool with which to study potassium channels.