PubMed 17178128

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kir2.1 , Kv7.1

Title: Characterization of ventricular repolarization in male and female guinea pigs.

Authors: Judith Brouillette, Marie-Andrée Lupien, Chantale St-Michel, Céline Fiset

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2007 Feb , 42, 357-66

PubMed link:

Since both components of the delayed rectifier K(+) currents (I(Kr) and I(Ks)) are present in guinea pig and human ventricle, the guinea pig appears as an interesting model to examine the contribution of these currents in sex-related difference of cardiac repolarization. Accordingly, we compared ventricular repolarization in adult male and female guinea pigs using electrophysiological protocols together with Western blots analysis and perfused heart preparation. Our results indicate that there was no sex-related difference in the expression levels of the different K(+) channels studied (ERG, KvLQT1, minK and Kir2.1), nor in the density of the K(+) currents (I(Kr), I(Ks) and I(K1)) encoded by these channels. Action potential durations and QTc intervals were also similar between males and females. In addition, we compared QTc intervals using Langendorff-perfused whole hearts in the presence of I(Kr) and/or I(Ks) blockers. The I(Kr) blocker (5 microM E-4031) prolonged QTc intervals to a similar extent in male (24+/-2%) and female (29+/-3%, p=0.1) hearts. Similarly, the degree of QTc prolongation induced by 0.1 microM HMR1556 (I(Ks) blocker) was similar in both sexes (males: 15+/-2% and females 18+/-2%; p=0.2). In addition to their QT prolonging effects, the I(Kr) and I(Ks) blockers significantly reduced heart rate in both male and female guinea pigs. These studies clearly demonstrate that adult guinea pigs do not display sex differences in ventricular repolarization.