Channelpedia

PubMed 17662243


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2



Title: Oestrogen directly inhibits the cardiovascular L-type Ca2+ channel Cav1.2.

Authors: Nina D Ullrich, Alexandra Koschak, Kenneth T MacLeod

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2007 Sep 21 , 361, 522-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17662243


Abstract
Oestrogen can modify the contractile function of vascular smooth muscle and cardiomyocytes. The negative inotropic actions of oestrogen on the heart and coronary vasculature appear to be mediated by L-type Ca(2+) channel (Ca(v)1.2) inhibition, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We tested the hypothesis that oestrogen directly inhibits the cardiovascular L-type Ca(2+) current, I(CaL). The effect of oestrogen on I(CaL) was measured in Ca(v)1.2-transfected HEK-293 cells using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The current revealed typical activation and inactivation profiles of nifedipine- and cadmium-sensitive I(CaL). Oestrogen (50 microM) rapidly reduced I(CaL) by 50% and shifted voltage-dependent activation and availability to more negative potentials. Furthermore, oestrogen blocked the Ca(2+) channel in a rate-dependent way, exhibiting higher efficiency of block at higher stimulation frequencies. Our data suggest that oestrogen inhibits I(CaL) through direct interaction of the steroid with the channel protein.