PubMed 17784877

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3

Title: Presence of HSV-1 immediate early genes and clonally expanded T-cells with a memory effector phenotype in human trigeminal ganglia.

Authors: Tobias Derfuss, Stephan Segerer, Simone Herberger, Inga Sinicina, Katharina Hüfner, Kathleen Ebelt, Hans-Günther Knaus, Israel Steiner, Edgar Meinl, Klaus Dornmair, Viktor Arbusow, Michael Strupp, Thomas Brandt, Diethilde Theil

Journal, date & volume: Brain Pathol., 2007 Oct , 17, 389-98

PubMed link:

The latent persistence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in human trigeminal ganglia (TG) is accompanied by a chronic CD8 T-cell infiltrate. The focus of the current work was to look for HSV-1 transcription activity as a potential trigger of the immune response and to characterize the immune cell infiltrates by this feature. We combined in situ hybridization, laser cutting microscopy, and single cell RT-PCR to demonstrate the expression of the HSV-1 immediate early (IE) genes ICP0 and ICP4 in human trigeminal neurons. Using CDR3 spectratyping, we showed that the infiltrating T-cells are clonally expanded, indicating an antigen-driven immune response. Moreover, the persisting CD8+ T-cells had features of the memory effector phenotype. The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3, a marker of chronic activated memory effector cells, and the chemokines CCL5 and CXCL10 were expressed by a subpopulation of infiltrating cells. The corresponding chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR3 were co-expressed on virtually all CD8 T-cells. In addition, T-cells expressed granzymes and perforin. In contrast to animal models of HSV-1 latency, hardly any FoxP3-positive regulatory T-cells were detected in human TG. Thus, HSV-1 IE genes are expressed in human TG and the infiltrating T-cells bear several characteristics that suggest viral antigenic stimulation.