Channelpedia

PubMed 19151589


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1 , Kir3.2



Title: Structural diversity in the cytoplasmic region of G protein-gated inward rectifier K+ channels.

Authors: Atsushi Inanobe, Takanori Matsuura, Atsushi Nakagawa, Yoshihisa Kurachi

Journal, date & volume: Channels (Austin), 2007 Jan-Feb , 1, 39-45

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19151589


Abstract
Inward rectifier K+ (Kir) channels can be functionally categorized into two groups: those that are constitutively active and those that are constitutively inactive, with examples such as Kir2.x and Kir3.x, respectively. Their cytoplasmic regions are thought to be critical for control of channel gating, but a structural basis for this hypothesis is not known. In this study, we report a structure for the cytoplasmic region of a G protein-gated Kir channel, Kir3.2, and compare it with those of Kir3.1 and Kir2.1 channels. The isolated cytoplasmic region of Kir3.2 forms a tetrameric assembly in solution and also in the crystal. While the secondary structure arrangement and the subunit interface of the Kir3.2 crystal structure are found to be nearly identical to those of Kir3.1 and Kir2.1, it is quite different at and around loops between betaC- and betaD-strands and between betaH- and betaI-strands. These structural elements are located at the interface with the plasma membrane. Therefore, these structural elements could associate with the Kir channel transmembrane helices and be involved in the regulation of Kir channel gating.