PubMed 17477025

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCK1 , ClvC4 , ClvC5

Title: Expression and function of CLC and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator chloride channels in renal epithelial tubule cells: pathophysiological implications.

Authors: Alain Vandewalle

Journal, date & volume: , 2007 Jan-Feb , 30, 17-25

PubMed link:

Cl(-) channels play important roles in the regulation of a variety of functions, including electrical excitability, cell volume regulation, transepithelial transport and acidification of cellular organelles. They are expressed in plasma membranes or reside in intracellular organelles. A large number of Cl(-) channels with different functions have been identified. Some of them are highly expressed in the kidney. They include members of the CLC Cl(-) channel family: ClC-K1 (or ClC-Ka), ClC-K2 (or ClC-Kb) and ClC-5. The identification of mutations responsible for human inherited diseases (Bartter syndrome for ClC-Kb and Dent's disease for ClC-5) and studies on knockout mice models have evidenced the physiological importance of these CLC Cl(-) channels, permitting better understanding on their functions in renal tubule epithelial cells. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel, also expressed in renal tubule epithelial cells, is involved in the transepithelial transport of Cl(-) in the distal nephron. This short review focuses on intrarenal distribution, subcellular localization and function of the ClK(-1), ClC-K2 and ClC-5 Cl(-) channels in renal tubule epithelial cells, and the role of the CFTR Cl(-) channel in chloride fluxes elicited by vasopressin in the distal nephron.