PubMed 16980345

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Slo1

Title: Role of Cav1.2 L-type Ca2+ channels in vascular tone: effects of nifedipine and Mg2+.

Authors: Jin Zhang, Roberto Berra-Romani, Martina J Sinnegger-Brauns, Jörg Striessnig, Mordecai P Blaustein, Donald R Matteson

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2007 Jan , 292, H415-25

PubMed link:

Ca(2+) entry via L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (LVGCs) is a key factor in generating myogenic tone (MT), as dihydropyridines (DHPs) and other LVGC blockers, including Mg(2+), markedly reduce MT. Recent reports suggest, however, that elevated external Mg(2+) concentration and DHPs may also inhibit other Ca(2+)-entry pathways. Here, we explore the contribution of LVGCs to MT in intact, pressurized mesenteric small arteries using mutant mice (DHP(R/R)) expressing functional but DHP-insensitive Ca(v)1.2 channels. In wild-type (WT), but not DHP(R/R), mouse arteries, nifedipine (0.3-1.0 microM) markedly reduced MT and vasoconstriction induced by high external K(+) concentrations ([K(+)](o)), a measure of LVGC-mediated Ca(2+) entry. Blocking MT and high [K(+)](o)-induced vasoconstriction by <1 microM nifedipine in WT but not in DHP(R/R) arteries implies that Ca(2+) entry via Ca(v)1.2 LVGCs is obligatory for MT and that nifedipine inhibits MT exclusively by blocking LVGCs. We also examined the effects of Mg(2+) on MT and LVGCs. High external Mg(2+) concentration (10 mM) blocked MT, slowed the high [K(+)](o)-induced vasoconstrictions, and decreased their amplitude in WT and DHP(R/R) arteries. To verify that these effects of Mg(2+) are due to block of LVGCs, we characterized the effects of extracellular and intracellular Mg(2+) on LVGC currents in isolated mesenteric artery myocytes. DHP-sensitive LVGC currents are inhibited by both external and internal Mg(2+). The results indicate that Mg(2+) relaxes MT by inhibiting Ca(2+) influx through LVGCs. These data provide new information about the central role of Ca(v)1.2 LVGCs in generating and maintaining MT in mouse mesenteric small arteries.