Channelpedia

PubMed 17052224


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav1.3



Title: Role of voltage-gated L-type Ca2+ channel isoforms for brain function.

Authors: J Striessnig, A Koschak, M J Sinnegger-Brauns, A Hetzenauer, N K Nguyen, P Busquet, G Pelster, N Singewald

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Soc. Trans., 2006 Nov , 34, 903-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17052224


Abstract
Voltage-gated LTCCs (L-type Ca2+ channels) are established drug targets for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. LTCCs are also expressed outside the cardiovascular system. In the brain, LTCCs control synaptic plasticity in neurons, and DHP (dihydropyridine) LTCC blockers such as nifedipine modulate brain function (such as fear memory extinction and depression-like behaviour). Voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels Cav1 .2 and Cav1.3 are the predominant brain LTCCs. As DHPs and other classes of organic LTCC blockers inhibit both isoforms, their pharmacological distinction is impossible and their individual contributions to defined brain functions remain largely unknown. Here, we summarize our recent experiments with two genetically modified mouse strains, which we generated to explore the individual biophysical features of Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 LTCCs and to determine their relative contributions to various physiological peripheral and neuronal functions. The results described here also allow predictions about the pharmacotherapeutic potential of isoform-selective LTCC modulators.