Channelpedia

PubMed 16982704


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav2.2 , Cav2.3



Title: Acetylcholine release at neuromuscular junctions of adult tottering mice is controlled by N-(cav2.2) and R-type (cav2.3) but not L-type (cav1.2) Ca2+ channels.

Authors: Nicole E Pardo, Ravindra K Hajela, William D Atchison

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 2006 Dec , 319, 1009-20

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16982704


Abstract
The mutation in the alpha(1A) subunit gene of the P/Q-type (Ca(v)2.1) Ca(2+) channel present in tottering (tg) mice causes ataxia and motor seizures that resemble absence epilepsy in humans. P/Q-type Ca(2+)channels are primarily involved in acetylcholine (ACh) release at mammalian neuromuscular junctions. Unmasking of L-type (Ca(v)1.1-1.2) Ca(2+) channels occurs in cerebellar Purkinje cells of tg mice. However, whether L-type Ca(2+) channels are also up-regulated at neuromuscular junctions of tg mice is unknown. We characterized thoroughly the pharmacological sensitivity of the Ca(2+) channels, which control ACh release at adult tg neuromuscular junctions. Block of N- and R-type (Ca(v)2.2-2.3), but not L-type Ca(2+) channels, significantly reduced quantal content of end-plate potentials in tg preparations. Neither resting nor KCl-evoked miniature end-plate potential frequency differed significantly between tg and wild type (WT). Immunolabeling of Ca(2+) channel subunits alpha(1A), alpha(1B), alpha(1C), and alpha(1E) revealed an apparent increase of alpha(1B), and alpha(1E) staining, at tg but not WT neuromuscular junctions. This presumably compensates for the deficit of P/Q-type Ca(2+)channels, which localized presynaptically at WT neuromuscular junctions. No alpha(1C) subunits juxtaposed with pre- or postsynaptic markers at either WT or tg neuromuscular junctions. Thus, in adult tg mice, immunocytochemical and electrophysiological data indicate that N- and R-type channels both assume control of ACh release at motor nerve terminals. Recruitment of alternate subtypes of Ca(2+) channels to control transmitter release seems to represent a commonly occurring method of neuronal plasticity. However, it is unclear which conditions underlie recruitment of Ca(v)2 as opposed to Ca(v)1-type Ca(2+) channels.