PubMed 17003571

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Slo1

Title: Regulation of ROMK (Kir 1.1) channel expression in kidney thick ascending limb by hypertonicity: role of TonEBP and MAPK pathways.

Authors: Morgan Gallazzini, Zoubida Karim, Maurice Bichara

Journal, date & volume: Nephron Physiol, 2006 , 104, 126-35

PubMed link:

The present study assessed the mechanisms by which hypertonicity caused by NaCl enhances the renal outer medullary potassium channel (ROMK) mRNA abundance in rat kidney medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) and in cultured mouse TAL cells. Using the run-off technique, we observed that the ROMK gene transcription rate in nuclei isolated from MTAL fragments was enhanced approximately 40% by a high NaCl medium. In MTAL fragments, hypertonicity (450 mosm) caused by NaCl, not by mannitol or urea, enhanced both ROMK mRNA abundance and tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) total abundance and nuclear localization. In an immortalized mouse TAL cell culture in which ROMK is apically expressed, hypertonicity caused by both NaCl and mannitol, not urea, enhanced both ROMK mRNA abundance and TonEBP total abundance and nuclear localization. Confocal microscopy confirmed an increased nuclear translocation of TonEBP in response to NaCl-induced hypertonicity. Finally, inhibition of the p38 MAPK pathway by SB203580 and of the ERK pathway by PD98059 abolished the NaCl-induced stimulation of TonEBP and ROMK. These results establish that mRNA expression of ROMK is augmented in the MTAL by NaCl-induced hypertonicity through stimulation of ROMK gene transcription, and that TonEBP and the p38 MAPK and ERK pathways are involved in this effect.