PubMed 16879992

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: HCN1 , HCN2 , HCN3 , HCN4

Title: Hyperpolarization-activated cation channels are expressed in rat hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons and immortalized GnRH neurons.

Authors: Armando Arroyo, Beomsu Kim, Randall L Rasmusson, Glenna Bett, John Yeh

Journal, date & volume: J. Soc. Gynecol. Investig., 2006 Sep , 13, 442-50

PubMed link:

The current research was conducted to determine whether hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN1-4) channels are expressed in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons in the female rat hypothalamus and immortalized GnRH neurons (GT1-7 cells).Double-label fluorescence immunohistochemistry was used to colocalize HCN1-4 channels and GnRH in GnRH neurons in the female rat hypothalamus. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting, and immunocytochemistry were used to analyze HCN channel gene expression in GT1-7 cells.Double-label fluorescence immunohistochemistry showed that 43% of hypothalamic GnRH neurons immunostained for HCN2 and 90% of GnRH neurons immunostained for HCN3. RT-PCR and Western blot showed expression of all four HCN channel subunits in GT1-7 cells. Double-label immunocytochemistry showed cytoplasmic immunostaining of HCN2 and HCN3 in GT1-7 cells.This study demonstrates for the first time that HCN channels are expressed in GnRH neurons in the rat hypothalamus and GT1-7 cells. Our research supports the hypothesis that HCN channels may be involved in electrical bursting activity and pulsatile GnRH secretion in endogenous GnRH neurons and GT1-7 cells.