Channelpedia

PubMed 17250763


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1



Title: Kv1.1 null mice have enlarged hippocampus and ventral cortex.

Authors: Ann-Sophie Persson, Eric Westman, Fu-Hua Wang, Firoj Hossain Khan, Christian Spenger, Catharina Lavebratt

Journal, date & volume: , 2007 , 8, 10

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17250763


Abstract
Mutations in the Shaker-like voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.1 are known to cause episodic ataxia type 1 and temporal lobe epilepsy. Mice that express a malfunctional, truncated Kv1.1 (BALB/cByJ-Kv1.1mceph/mceph) show a markedly enlarged hippocampus and ventral cortex in adulthood.To determine if mice lacking Kv1.1 also develop a brain enlargement similar to mceph/mceph, we transferred Kv1.1 null alleles to the BALB/cByJ background. Hippocampus and ventral cortex was then studied using in vivo 3D-magnetic resonance imaging and volume segmentation in adult Kv1.1 null mice, BALB/cByJ-Kv1.1mceph/mceph, BALB/cByJ-Kv1.1mceph/+, BALB.C3HeB -Kv1.1-/+ and wild type littermates. The Kv1.1 null brains had dramatically enlarged hippocampus and ventral cortex. Mice heterozygous for either the null allele or the mceph allele had normal-sized hippocampus and ventral cortex.Total absence of Kv1.1 can induce excessive overgrowth of hippocampus and ventral cortex in mice with a BALB/cByJ background, while mice with one wild type Kv1.1 allele develop normal-sized brains.