Channelpedia

PubMed 17873007


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4



Title: Involvement of chloride channels in TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis of human bronchial epithelial cells.

Authors: Gang Cheng, Zhifei Shao, Bharti Chaudhari, Devendra K Agrawal

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol., 2007 Nov , 293, L1339-47

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17873007


Abstract
Widespread damage of airway epithelium and defective epithelial repair are hallmarks of chronic asthma. Growth factors and cytokines spatially and temporally regulate epithelial shedding and repair. Within this context, a key function is exerted by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. Recent growing evidence suggests that chloride (Cl(-)) channels are critical to cell apoptosis. We examined the effects of TGF-beta1 on Cl(-) channel expression and activity and its relationship with apoptosis in human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs). The small interfering RNA (siRNA) approach was used to investigate the potential role of CLC-3, a member of the volume-regulated Cl(-) channel family, in apoptosis of HBECs. TGF-beta1 significantly induced HBEC apoptosis, which paralleled to a significant decrease in the endogenous expression of CLC-3 protein and mRNA transcripts. Outward rectifying and voltage-dependent CLC-3-like Cl(-) currents in HBECs were diminished by TGF-beta1. siRNA for CLC-3 abolished Cl(-) current and enhanced TGF-beta1-induced cell apoptosis. Overexpression of CLC-3 in HBECs inhibited TGF-beta1-induced cell apoptosis. Bcl-2 was also downregulated after TGF-beta stimulation. TGF-beta1-induced cell apoptosis was suppressed in Bcl-2-transfected HBECs. Our data demonstrate that CLC-3-like voltage-gated chloride channels play a critical role in TGF-beta-induced apoptosis of human airway epithelial cells.