PubMed 17285444

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.5 , Kv2.1 , Kv3.1

Title: Developmental changes in the expression of voltage-gated potassium channels in the ductus arteriosus of the fetal rat.

Authors: Cuijiao Wu, Emiko Hayama, Shin-ichiro Imamura, Rumiko Matsuoka, Toshio Nakanishi

Journal, date & volume: , 2007 Jan , 22, 34-40

PubMed link:

Oxygen-sensitive, voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) may contribute to the determination of the membrane potential in smooth muscle cells of the ductus arteriosus (DA), and thus to regulation of contractile tone in response to oxygen. Developmental changes in Kv during gestation may be related to closure of the DA after birth. This study investigated developmental changes in the expression of Kv in the DA and compared it with that of the pulmonary artery (PA) and the aorta (Ao). The DA, PA, and Ao were isolated from fetal rats at days 19 and 21 of gestation (term: 21.5 days). The expression of Kv1.2, Kv1.5, Kv2.1, and Kv3.1, putative oxygen-sensitive Kv channels that open in response to oxygen, was evaluated at both the mRNA and protein levels, using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. In the Kv family studied, Kv1.5 mRNA was expressed most abundantly in the DA, PA, and Ao in both day-19 and day-21 fetuses. Although the expression levels of Kv1.2, Kv1.5, Kv2.1, and Kv3.1 did not change much with development in the PA and Ao, in the DA they decreased with development. The decrease in the expression of Kv channels may enhance DA closure after birth by eliminating the opening of Kv channels when oxygen increases.