Channelpedia

PubMed 20346152


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK3 , Slo1



Title: Inhibition of AMPA receptor trafficking at hippocampal synapses by beta-amyloid oligomers: the mitochondrial contribution.

Authors: Yanfang Rui, Jiaping Gu, Kuai Yu, H Criss Hartzell, James Q Zheng

Journal, date & volume: Mol Brain, 2010 , 3, 10

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20346152


Abstract
Synaptic defects represent a major mechanism underlying altered brain functions of patients suffering Alzheimer's disease (AD) 123. An increasing body of work indicates that the oligomeric forms of beta-amyloid (Abeta) molecules exert profound inhibition on synaptic functions and can cause a significant loss of neurotransmitter receptors from the postsynaptic surface, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated a potential contribution of mitochondria to Abeta inhibition of AMPA receptor (AMPAR) trafficking.We found that a brief exposure of hippocampal neurons to Abeta oligomers not only led to marked removal of AMPARs from postsynaptic surface but also impaired rapid AMPAR insertion during chemically-induced synaptic potentiation. We also found that Abeta oligomers exerted acute impairment of fast mitochondrial transport, as well as mitochondrial translocation into dendritic spines in response to repetitive membrane depolarization. Quantitative analyses at the single spine level showed a positive correlation between spine-mitochondria association and the surface accumulation of AMPARs. In particular, we found that spines associated with mitochondria tended to be more resistant to Abeta inhibition on AMPAR trafficking. Finally, we showed that inhibition of GSK3beta alleviated Abeta impairment of mitochondrial transport, and effectively abolished Abeta-induced AMPAR loss and inhibition of AMPAR insertion at spines during cLTP.Our findings indicate that mitochondrial association with dendritic spines may play an important role in supporting AMPAR presence on or trafficking to the postsynaptic membrane. Abeta disruption of mitochondrial trafficking could contribute to AMPAR removal and trafficking defects leading to synaptic inhibition.