PubMed 20739606

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Cloning and characterization of a zebrafish homologue of human AQP1: a bifunctional water and gas channel.

Authors: Li-Ming Chen, Jinhua Zhao, Raif Musa-Aziz, Marc F Pelletier, Iain A Drummond, Walter F Boron

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol., 2010 Nov , 299, R1163-74

PubMed link:

The mammalian aquaporins AQP1, AQP4, and AQP5 have been shown to function not only as water channels but also as gas channels. Zebrafish have two genes encoding an AQP1 homologue, aqp1a and aqp1b. In the present study, we cloned the cDNA that encodes the zebrafish protein Aqp1a from the 72-h postfertilization (hpf) embryo of Danio rerio, as well as from the swim bladder of the adult. The deduced amino-acid sequence of aqp1a consists of 260 amino acids and is 59% identical to human AQP1. By analyzing the genomic DNA sequence, we identified four exons in the aqp1a gene. By in situ hybridization, aqp1a is expressed transiently in the developing vasculature and in erythrocytes from 16 to 48 h of development. Later, at 72 hpf, aqp1a is expressed in dermal ionocytes and in the swim bladder. Western blot analysis of adult tissues reveals that Aqp1a is most highly expressed in the eye and swim bladder. Xenopus oocytes expressing aqp1a have a channel-dependent (*) osmotic water permeability (P(f)(*)) that is indistinguishable from that of human AQP1. On the basis of the magnitude of the transient change in surface pH (ΔpH(S)) that were recorded as the oocytes were exposed to either CO(2) or NH(3), we conclude that zebrafish Aqp1a is permeable to both CO(2) and NH(3). The ratio (ΔpH(S)(*))((CO)2)/P(f)(*) is about half that of human AQP1, and the ratio (ΔpH(S)(*))(NH3)/P(f)(*) is about one-quarter that of human AQP1. Thus, compared with human AQP1, zebrafish Aqp1a has about twice the selectivity for CO(2) over NH(3).