PubMed 21091354

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Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4

Title: Ion-Deficient Environment Induces the Expression of Basolateral Chloride Channel, ClC-3-Like Protein, in Gill Mitochondrion-Rich Cells for Chloride Uptake of the Tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus.

Authors: Cheng-Hao Tang, Tsung-Han Lee

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 Nov 2 , ,

PubMed link:

Gill mitochondrion-rich (MR) cells contain different molecules to carry out functionally distinct mechanisms. To date, the putative mechanism of Cl(-) uptake through the basolateral chloride channel, however, is less understood. To clarify the Cl(-)-absorbing mechanism, this study explored the molecular and morphological alterations in branchial MR cells of tilapia acclimated to seawater (SW), freshwater (FW), and deionized water (DW). Scanning electron microscopic observations revealed that three subtypes of MR cells were exhibited in gill filament epithelia of tilapia. Furthermore, in DW-acclimated tilapia, the subtype I (ion-absorbing subtype) of MR cells predominantly occurred in gill filament as well as lamellar epithelia. Whole-mount double immunofluorescent staining revealed that branchial ClC-3-like protein and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA), the basolateral marker of MR cells, were colocalized in tilapia. In SW-acclimated tilapia, all MR cells of gill filament epithelia exhibited faint fluorescence of ClC-3-like protein. In contrast, only some MR cells in gill filament epithelia of FW and DW tilapia expressed basolateral ClC-3-like protein; however, the fluorescence was more intense in FW and DW tilapia than in SW fish. In hyposmotic groups, the number of MR cells immunopositive for ClC-3-like protein was significantly higher in DW-exposed tilapia. Meanwhile, in gill lamellar epithelia of DW tilapia, all MR cells (subtype I) were ClC-3-like protein immunopositive. Double immunostaining of ClC-3-like protein and Na(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) revealed that basolateral ClC-3-like protein and apical NCC were colocalized in some MR cells in FW and DW tilapia. Moreover, both mRNA and protein amounts of branchial ClC-3-like protein were significantly higher in DW-acclimated tilapia. To identify whether the expression of branchial ClC-3-like protein responded to changes in environmental [Cl(-)], tilapia were acclimated to artificial waters with normal [Na(+)]/[Cl(-)] (control), lower [Na(+)] (low Na), or lower [Cl(-)] (low Cl). Immunoblotting of crude membrane fractions for gill ClC-3-like protein showed that the protein abundance was evidently enhanced in tilapia acclimated to the low-Cl environment compared with the other groups. Our findings integrated morphological and functional classifications of ion-absorbing MR cells and indicated that ion-deficient water elevated the numbers of subtype I MR cells in both filament and lamellar epithelia of gills with positive ClC-3-like protein immunostaining and increased the expression levels of ClC-3-like protein. This study is the first to illustrate the exhibition of a basolateral chloride channel potentially responsible for Cl(-) absorption in the ion-absorbing subtype of gill MR cells of tilapia.