PubMed 20945047

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK

Title: [BK(Ca) channel agonist NS1619 and Kv channel antagonist 4-AP on the facial mechanical pain threshold in a rat model of chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve.].

Authors: Cai-Yue Liu, Na Li, Yun-Fu Zhao, Bei Ma

Journal, date & volume: Sheng Li Xue Bao, 2010 Oct 25 , 62, 441-9

PubMed link:

Trigeminal neuralgia is a paroxysmal disorder with severely disabling facial pain and thus continues to be a real therapeutic challenge. At present there are few effective drugs for treatment of this pain. The present study was aimed to explore the involvement of BK(Ca) channels and Kv channels in the mechanical allodynia in a rat model of trigeminal neuropathic pain. Here the effectiveness of drug target injection at the trigeminal ganglion through the infraorbital foramen was first evaluated by immunofluorescence and animal behavior test. Trigeminal neuropathic pain model was established by chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (ION-CCI) in rats. BK(Ca) channel agonist and Kv channel antagonist were administered into the trigeminal ganglion in ION-CCI rats and sham rats by the above target injection method, and the facial mechanical pain threshold was measured. The results showed that the drug could accurately reach the trigeminal ganglion by target injection which was more effective than that by the normal injection around infraorbital foramen. Rats suffered significant mechanical allodynia in the whisker pad of the operated side from 6 d to 42 d after ION-CCI. BK(Ca) channel agonist NS1619 significantly and dose-dependently attenuated the facial mechanical allodynia and increased the facial mechanical pain threshold in ION-CCI rats 15 d after operation. Kv antagonist 4-AP was able to reduce the threshold in ION-CCI rats when facial mechanical threshold was partly recovered and relatively stable on the 35th day after operation. These results suggest that BK(Ca) channel agonist NS1619 and Kv channel antagonist 4-AP can significantly affect the rats' facial mechanical pain threshold after ION-CCI. Activation of BK(Ca) channels may be related to the depression of the primary afferent neurons in trigeminal neuropathic pain pathways. Activation of Kv channels may exert a tonic inhibition on the trigeminal neuropathic pain.