PubMed 20391530

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: Quantitative cortical synapse proteomics of a transgenic migraine mouse model with mutated Ca(V)2.1 calcium channels.

Authors: Oleg I Klychnikov, Ka Wan Li, Igor A Sidorov, Maarten Loos, Sabine Spijker, Ludo A M Broos, Rune R Frants, Michel D Ferrari, Oleg A Mayboroda, André M Deelder, August B Smit, Arn M J M Van Den Maagdenberg

Journal, date & volume: Proteomics, 2010 Jul , 10, 2531-5

PubMed link:

Familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM1) is caused by missense mutations in the CACNA1A gene that encodes the alpha1A pore-forming subunit of Ca(V)2.1 Ca(2+) channels. Knock-in (KI) transgenic mice expressing Ca(V)2.1 Ca(2+) channels with a human pathogenic FHM1 mutation reveal enhanced glutamatergic neurotransmission in the cortex. In this study, we employed an iTRAQ-based LC-LC MS/MS approach to identify differentially expressed proteins in cortical synapse proteomes of Cacna1a R192Q KI and wild-type mice. All expression differences determined were subtle and in the range of 10-30%. Observed upregulated proteins in the mutant mice are involved in processes, such as neurite outgrowth and actin dynamics, vesicle turnover, and glutamate transporters. Our data support the view that in Cacna1a R192Q KI mice, several compensatory mechanisms counterbalancing a dysregulated glutamatergic signaling have come into effect. We propose that such adaptation mechanisms at the synapse level may play a role in the pathophysiology of FHM and possibly in the common forms of migraine.