PubMed 20499050

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2

Title: Propranolol regulates cardiac transient outward potassium channel in rat myocardium via cAMP/PKA after short-term but not after long-term ischemia.

Authors: Li Zhang, Chao-Qian Xu, Yuan Hong, Jia-Lin Zhang, Ying Liu, Mei Zhao, Yan-Xiu Cao, Yan-Jie Lu, Bao-Feng Yang, Hong-li Shan

Journal, date & volume: Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol., 2010 Jul , 382, 63-71

PubMed link:

It was recently suggested that the antiarrhythmic effect of propranolol, a ss-adrenoceptor antagonist, on ischemic myocardium includes restoration of I(K1) current and Cx43 conductance; however, little is known whether effects on the transient outward current I(to) contribute. A model of myocardial infarction (MI) by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery was established. Propranolol was given 1 h or daily for 3 months, whole-cell patch-clamp techniques were used to measure I(to). Kv4.2 and PKA levels were analyzed by Western blot and cAMP level was determined by radioimmunoassay. The results showed that propranolol decreased the incidence of arrhythmias induced by acute ischemia and mortality in 3 month MI rats. Propranolol restored the diminished I(to) density and Kv4.2 protein in MI hearts. In addition, neonatal cardiomyocyte pretreatment with propranolol or administrated after hypoxia can resume I(to) density. cAMP/PKA was enhanced in acute MI, the reason of decreased Kv4.2 expression. Treatment with propranolol prevented the increased cAMP/PKA in 1 h MI, whereas propranolol had little effect on decreased cAMP/PKA in 3 months MI. This study demonstrated that both short- and long-term propranolol administrations protect cardiomyocytes against arrhythmias and mortality caused by cardiac ischemia; the involvement of cAMP/PKA signal pathway in the regulation of propranolol on I(to) acted differently along with the ischemic progression.