PubMed 20576683

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK

Title: Shear stress-induced volume decrease in C11-MDCK cells by BK-alpha/beta4.

Authors: J David Holtzclaw, Liping Liu, P Richard Grimm, Steven C Sansom

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol., 2010 Sep , 299, F507-16

PubMed link:

Large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (BK) are expressed in principal cells (PC) and intercalated cells (IC) in mammalian nephrons as BK-alpha/beta1 and BK-alpha/beta4, respectively. IC, which protrude into the lumens of tubules, express substantially more BK than PC despite lacking sufficient Na-K-ATPase to support K secretion. We previously showed in mice that IC exhibit size reduction when experiencing high distal flows induced by a high-K diet. We therefore tested the hypothesis that BK-alpha/beta4 are regulators of IC volume via a shear stress (tau)-induced, calcium-dependent mechanism, resulting in a reduction in intracellular K content. We determined by Western blot and immunocytochemical analysis that C11-Madin-Darby canine kidney cells contained a predominance of BK-alpha/beta4. To determine the role of BK-alpha/beta4 in tau-induced volume reduction, we exposed C11 cells to tau and measured K efflux by flame photometry and cell volume by calcein staining, which changes inversely to cell volume. With 10 dynes/cm(2), calcein intensity significantly increased 39% and monovalent cationic content decreased significantly by 37% compared with static conditions. Furthermore, the shear-induced K loss from C11 was abolished by the reduction of extracellular calcium, addition of 5 mM TEA, or BK-beta4 small interfering (si) RNA, but not by addition of nontarget siRNA. These results show that BK-alpha/beta4 plays a role in shear-induced K loss from IC, suggesting that BK-alpha/beta4 regulate IC volume during high-flow conditions. Furthermore, these results support the use of C11 cells as in vitro models for studying BK-related functions in IC of the kidney.