PubMed 20339148

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Hydrogen sulfide improves neutrophil migration and survival in sepsis via K+ATP channel activation.

Authors: Fernando Spiller, Maria I L Orrico, Daniele C Nascimento, Paula G Czaikoski, Fabrício O Souto, José C Alves-Filho, Andressa Freitas, Daniela Carlos, Marcelo F Montenegro, Alberto F Neto, Sergio H Ferreira, Marcos A Rossi, John S Hothersall, Jamil Assreuy, Fernando Q Cunha

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2010 Aug 1 , 182, 360-8

PubMed link:

Recovering the neutrophil migration to the infectious focus improves survival in severe sepsis. Recently, we demonstrated that the cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE)/hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) pathway increased neutrophil recruitment to inflammatory focus during sterile inflammation.To evaluate if H(2)S administration increases neutrophil migration to infectious focus and survival of mice.Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP).The pretreatments of mice with H(2)S donors (NaHS or Lawesson's reagent) improved leukocyte rolling/adhesion in the mesenteric microcirculation as well as neutrophil migration. Consequently, bacteremia levels were reduced, hypotension and lung lesions were prevented, and the survival rate increased from approximately 13% to approximately 80%. Even when treatment was delayed (6 h after CLP), a highly significant reduction in mortality compared with untreated mice was observed. Moreover, H(2)S pretreatment prevented the down-regulation of CXCR2 and l-selectin and the up-regulation of CD11b and G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in neutrophils during sepsis. H(2)S also prevented the reduction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in the endothelium of the mesenteric microcirculation in severe sepsis. Confirming the critical role of H(2)S on sepsis outcome, pretreatment with dl-propargylglycine (a CSE inhibitor) inhibited neutrophil migration to the infectious focus, enhanced lung lesions, and induced high mortality in mice subjected to nonsevere sepsis (from 0 to approximately 80%). The beneficial effects of H(2)S were blocked by glibenclamide (a ATP-dependent K(+) channel blocker).These results showed that H(2)S restores neutrophil migration to the infectious focus and improves survival outcome in severe sepsis by an ATP-dependent K(+) channel-dependent mechanism.