PubMed 20398673

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.5

Title: Structure and function of splice variants of the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel Na(v)1.5.

Authors: Annett Schroeter, Stefan Walzik, Steve Blechschmidt, Volker Haufe, Klaus Benndorf, Thomas Zimmer

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2010 Jul , 49, 16-24

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated sodium channels mediate the rapid upstroke of the action potential in excitable tissues. The tetrodotoxin (TTX) resistant isoform Na(v)1.5, encoded by the SCN5A gene, is the predominant isoform in the heart. This channel plays a key role for excitability of atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes and for rapid impulse propagation through the specific conduction system. During recent years, strong evidence has been accumulated in support of the expression of several Na(v)1.5 splice variants in the heart, and in various other tissues and cell lines including brain, dorsal root ganglia, breast cancer cells and neuronal stem cell lines. This review summarizes our knowledge on the structure and putative function of nine Na(v)1.5 splice variants detected so far. Attention will be paid to the distinct biophysical properties of the four functional splice variants, to the pronounced tissue- and species-specific expression, and to the developmental regulation of Na(v)1.5 splicing. The implications of alternative splicing for SCN5A channelopathies, and for a better understanding of genotype-phenotype correlations, are discussed.