PubMed 20801871

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4

Title: Human alveolar type II cells secrete and absorb liquid in response to local nucleotide signaling.

Authors: Peter F Bove, Barbara R Grubb, Seiko F Okada, Carla M P Ribeiro, Troy D Rogers, Scott H Randell, Wanda K O'Neal, Richard C Boucher

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 Aug 27 , ,

PubMed link:

A balance sheet describing the integrated homeostasis of secretion, absorption, and surface movement of liquids on pulmonary surfaces has remained elusive. It remains unclear whether the alveolus exhibits an intra-alveolar ion/liquid transport physiology or whether it secretes ions/liquid that may communicate with airway surfaces. Studies employing isolated human alveolar type II (AT2) cells were utilized to investigate this question. Human AT2 cells exhibited both epithelial Na(+) channel-mediated Na(+) absorption and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator-mediated Cl(-) secretion, both significantly regulated by extracellular nucleotides. In addition, we observed in normal AT2 cells an absence of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator regulation of epithelial Na(+) channel activity and an absence of expression/activity of reported calcium-activated chloride channels (TMEM16A, Bestrophin-1, ClC2, and SLC26A9), both features strikingly different from normal airway epithelial cells. Measurements of alveolar surface liquid volume revealed that normal AT2 cells: 1) achieved an extracellular nucleotide concentration-dependent steady state alveolar surface liquid height of ∼4 μm in vitro; 2) absorbed liquid when the lumen was flooded; and 3) secreted liquid when treated with UTP or forskolin or subjected to cyclic compressive stresses mimicking tidal breathing. Collectively, our studies suggest that human AT2 cells in vitro have the capacity to absorb or secrete liquid in response to local alveolar conditions.