PubMed 20396899

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCK1 , ClvC4

Title: Calcium and calcimimetics regulate paracellular Na+ transport in the thin ascending limb of Henle's loop in mouse kidney.

Authors: Noriko Sugawara, Tetsuji Morimoto, Elnur I Farajov, Naonori Kumagai, Ulviyya F Aslanova, Tatemitsu Rai, Shinichi Uchida, Sei Sasaki, Shigeru Tsuchiya, Yoshiaki Kondo

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2010 Jun , 460, 197-205

PubMed link:

The effect of Ca(2+) and calcimimetics on NaCl transport was investigated in the in vitro isolated microperfused mouse thin ascending limb of Henle's loop. In the presence of a transmural NaCl gradient, the transepithelial diffusional potential was 13.7 +/- 0.4 mV (n = 17). When the Ca(2+) in the bath was increased from 1.5 to 4.5 mM at 37 degrees C, the relative permeability of Na(+) to Cl(-) (P (Na) /P (Cl)) estimated from the diffusional voltage deflection due to the transepithelial NaCl gradient (V (d)) changed from 0.371 +/- 0.017 to 0.341 +/- 0.015 (n = 10, P < 0.0001). When the Ca(2+) in the lumen was increased from 1.5 to 4.5 mM, the P (Na) /P (Cl) decreased from 0.349 +/- 0.013 to 0.330 +/- 0.013 (n = 5, P < 0.002). The addition of 0.1 mM neomycin and 0.2 mM gentamicin to the bath or lumen also decreased the P (Na) /P (Cl). The same effect on P (Na) /P (Cl) of Ca(2+) and calcimimetics occurred in ClC-K1 (kidney-specific chloride channel) knockout mice. The addition of 300 mug/ml protamine to the bath strongly inhibited changes to P (Na) /P (Cl) induced by basolateral Ca(2+). These data indicate that ambient Ca(2+) and calcimimetics inhibit Na(+) transport in the thin ascending limb, which is known to occur via the paracellular shunt pathway. Our observations strongly suggest that Ca(2+) is involved in the regulation of paracellular Na(+) permeability in the thin ascending limbs.