PubMed 20427469

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kv1.3

Title: Potassium secretion by voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 in the rat kidney.

Authors: Rolando Carrisoza-Gaytán, Carolina Salvador, Lisa M Satlin, Wen Liu, Beth Zavilowitz, Norma A Bobadilla, Joyce Trujillo, Laura I Escobar

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol., 2010 Jul , 299, F255-64

PubMed link:

The fine regulation of Na(+) and K(+) transport takes place in the cortical distal nephron. It is well established that K(+) secretion occurs through apical K(+) channels: the ROMK and the Ca(2+)- and voltage-dependent maxi-K. Previously, we identified the voltage-gated Kv1.3 channel in the inner medulla of the rat kidney (Escobar LI, Martínez-Téllez JC, Salas M, Castilla SA, Carrisoza R, Tapia D, Vázquez M, Bargas J, Bolívar JJ. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 286: C965-C974, 2004). To examine the role of Kv1.3 in the renal regulation of K(+) homeostasis, we characterized the effect of dietary K(+) on the molecular and functional expression of this channel. We performed real-time-PCR and immunoblot assays in kidneys from rats fed a control (CK; 1.2% wt/wt) or high-K(+) (HK; 10% wt/wt) diet for 5-15 days. Kv1.3 mRNA and protein expression did not change with HK in the whole kidney. However, dietary K(+) loading provoked a change in the cellular distribution of Kv1.3 from the cytoplasm to apical membranes. Immunolocalization of Kv1.3 detected the channel exclusively in the intercalated cells. We investigated whether Kv1.3 mediated K(+) transport in microperfused cortical collecting ducts (CCDs). The HK diet led to an increase in net K(+) transport from 7.4 +/- 1.1 (CK) to 11.4 +/- 1.0 (HK) pmol x min(-1.) mm(-1). Luminal margatoxin, a specific blocker of Kv1.3, decreased net K(+) secretion in HK CCDs to 6.0 +/- 1.6 pmol x min(-1.) mm(-1). Our data provide the first evidence that Kv1.3 channels participate in K(+) secretion and that apical membrane localization of Kv1.3 is enhanced in the intercalated cells by dietary K(+) loading.