PubMed 20675377

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: Nav1.3

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.3 , Slo1

Title: The sodium channel {beta}3-subunit induces multiphasic gating in Nav1.3 and affects fast inactivation via distinct intracellular regions.

Authors: Fiona S Cusdin, Daniel Nietlispach, Joseph Maman, Timothy J Dale, Andrew J Powell, Jeffrey J Clare, Antony P Jackson

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 Jul 30 , ,

PubMed link:

Electrical excitability in neurons depends on the activity of membrane-bound voltage gated sodium channels (Na(v)) that are assembled from an ion conducting α-subunit and often auxiliary β-subunits. The α-subunit isoform Na(v)1.3 occurs in peripheral neurons together with the Na(v) β3-subunit, both of which are coordinately up-regulated in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons after nerve injury. Here we examine the effect of the β3-subunit on the gating behavior of Na(v)1.3 using whole cell patch clamp electrophysiology in HEK-293 cells. We show that β3 depolarizes the voltage sensitivity of Na(v)1.3 activation and inactivation and induces biphasic components of the inactivation curve. We detect both a fast and a novel slower component of inactivation, and we show that the β3-subunit increases the fraction of channels inactivating by the slower component. Using CD and NMR spectroscopy, we report the first structural analysis of the intracellular domain of any Na(v) β-subunit. We infer the presence of a region within the β3-subunit intracellular domain that has a propensity to form a short amphipathic α-helix followed by a structurally disordered sequence, and we demonstrate a role for both of these regions in the selective stabilization of fast inactivation. The complex gating behavior induced by β3 may contribute to the known hyperexcitability of peripheral neurons under those physiological conditions where expression of β3 and Na(v)1.3 are both enhanced.