PubMed 20351103

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4 , ClvC5

Title: Role of ClC-5 in renal endocytosis is unique among ClC exchangers and does not require PY-motif-dependent ubiquitylation.

Authors: Gesa Rickheit, Lena Wartosch, Sven Schaffer, Sandra M Stobrawa, Gaia Novarino, Stefanie Weinert, Thomas J Jentsch

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2010 Jun 4 , 285, 17595-603

PubMed link:

Inactivation of the mainly endosomal 2Cl(-)/H(+)-exchanger ClC-5 severely impairs endocytosis in renal proximal tubules and underlies the human kidney stone disorder Dent's disease. In heterologous expression systems, interaction of the E3 ubiquitin ligases WWP2 and Nedd4-2 with a "PY-motif" in the cytoplasmic C terminus of ClC-5 stimulates its internalization from the plasma membrane and may influence receptor-mediated endocytosis. We asked whether this interaction is relevant in vivo and generated mice in which the PY-motif was destroyed by a point mutation. Unlike ClC-5 knock-out mice, these knock-in mice displayed neither low molecular weight proteinuria nor hyperphosphaturia, and both receptor-mediated and fluid-phase endocytosis were normal. The abundances and localizations of the endocytic receptor megalin and of the Na(+)-coupled phosphate transporter NaPi-2a (Npt2) were not changed, either. To explore whether the discrepancy in results from heterologous expression studies might be due to heteromerization of ClC-5 with ClC-3 or ClC-4 in vivo, we studied knock-in mice additionally deleted for those related transporters. Disruption of neither ClC-3 nor ClC-4 led to proteinuria or impaired proximal tubular endocytosis by itself, nor in combination with the PY-mutant of ClC-5. Endocytosis of cells lacking ClC-5 was not impaired further when ClC-3 or ClC-4 was additionally deleted. We conclude that ClC-5 is unique among CLC proteins in being crucial for proximal tubular endocytosis and that PY-motif-dependent ubiquitylation of ClC-5 is dispensable for this role.