PubMed 18024294

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1

Title: [Primary cultured neonate rat sinus node cells: morphology and expression of kir2.1 protein]

Authors: Yi-ping Wei, Jin-guo Zhu, Hui-zhong Zhang, Rui-wen Xie, Ping Hua, Li-hua Xiong

Journal, date & volume: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao, 2007 Nov , 27, 1701-5

PubMed link:

To investigate the expression of kir2.1 protein in primary cultured sinus node cells and establish a reliable technique to locate, culture and characterize neonatal rat sinus node cells.In paraffin sections, the location and morphology of the neonatal rat sinus node cells were observed by HE staining, silver nitrate staining, myelin staining and phosphotungstic acid-hematoxylin (PTAH) staining. Primary cell culture from the neonatal rat sinus node was conducted to observe the spontaneous contraction frequency, cell morphology and kir2.1 protein expression.Combination of the 3 staining methods allowed accurate localization of the sino-atrial nodal (SAN) tissue, and among the cultured cells in the SAN, at least 3 distinct types of cells with spontaneous contraction were observed. The majority of the contracting cells were spindle cells and their construction and impulse frequency indicated their identity as pacemaker cells, while the triangular and irregular cells resembled the atrial muscle cells. A lower expression level of kir2.1 protein was detected in SAN cells than in the atrial and ventricular myocytes of the neonatal rats.Combination of silver nitrate staining, myelin staining and PTAH staining identifies the exact location of the sinus node tissue, and cultured sinus node cells have lower expression of kir2.1 protein than the atrial and ventricular myocytes of neonatal rats.