PubMed 20044987

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK , Slo1

Title: Daidzein relaxes rat cerebral basilar artery via activation of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels in vascular smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Hong-Tao Zhang, Yan Wang, Xiu-Ling Deng, Ming-Qing Dong, Li-Mei Zhao, Ya-Wen Wang

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Pharmacol., 2010 Mar 25 , 630, 100-6

PubMed link:

Daidzein, a phytoestrogen, has been reported to produce vasodilation via inhibition of Ca(2+) inflow. However, the involvement of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels in the effect of daidzein is debated. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effect of daidzein on the rat cerebral basilar artery and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Isolated cerebral basilar artery rings and single vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were used for vascular reactivity and electrophysiology measurements, to investigate the effect of daidzein on BK(Ca) channels in cerebral basilar artery smooth muscle. In addition, the human BK(Ca) channel alpha-subunit gene (hslo) was transfected into HEK293 cells, to directly assess whether daidzein activates BK(Ca) channels. The results showed that daidzein produced a concentration-dependent but endothelium-independent relaxation in rat cerebral basilar arteries. Paxilline, a selective BK(Ca) channel blocker, significantly inhibited the daidzein-induced vasodilation, whereas NS1619, a selective BK(Ca) channel opener, enhanced the vasodilation. In the whole-cell configuration, daidzein increased noisy oscillation currents in cerebral basilar artery VSMCs in a concentration-dependent manner, and washout of daidzein or blockade of BK(Ca) channels with paxilline fully reversed the increase. However, daidzein did not substantially affect hSlo currents in HEK293 cells when applied to the outside of the cell membrane. In conclusion, these results indicate that the activation of BK(Ca) channels in VSMCs at least partly contributes to the daidzein-induced vasodilation of the rat cerebral basilar artery. The beta1-subunit of BK(Ca) channels plays a critical role in the activation of BK(Ca) currents by daidzein.