PubMed 17872968

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: The molecular basis of high-affinity binding of the antiarrhythmic compound vernakalant (RSD1235) to Kv1.5 channels.

Authors: Jodene Eldstrom, Zhuren Wang, Hongjian Xu, Marc Pourrier, Alan Ezrin, Ken Gibson, David Fedida

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Pharmacol., 2007 Dec , 72, 1522-34

PubMed link:

Vernakalant (RSD1235) is an investigational drug recently shown to convert atrial fibrillation rapidly and safely in patients (J Am Coll Cardiol 44:2355-2361, 2004). Here, the molecular mechanisms of interaction of vernakalant with the inner pore of the Kv1.5 channel are compared with those of the class IC agent flecainide. Initial experiments showed that vernakalant blocks activated channels and vacates the inner vestibule as the channel closes, and thus mutations were made, targeting residues at the base of the selectivity filter and in S6, by drawing on studies of other Kv1.5-selective blocking agents. Block by vernakalant or flecainide of Kv1.5 wild type and mutants was assessed by whole-cell patch-clamp experiments in transiently transfected human embryonic kidney 293 cells. The mutational scan identified several highly conserved amino acids, Thr479, Thr480, Ile502, Val505, and Val508, as important residues for affecting block by both compounds. In general, mutations in S6 increased the IC50 for block by vernakalant; I502A caused an extremely local 25-fold decrease in potency. Specific changes in the voltage-dependence of block with I502A supported the crucial role of this position. A homology model of the pore region of Kv1.5 predicted that, of these residues, only Thr479, Thr480, Val505, and Val508 are potentially accessible for direct interaction, and that mutation at additional sites studied may therefore affect block through allosteric mechanisms. For some of the mutations, the direction of changes in IC50 were opposite for vernakalant and flecainide, highlighting differences in the forces that drive drug-channel interactions.